By Coptic Solidarity –
Coptic Solidarity urges the Egyptian Government to immediately end punitive measures against former Counselor Hisham Heikal which are a direct result of him filing a complaint regarding discrimination against a Coptic colleague. The Egyptian government’s reprisals against Mr. Heikal have set a clear precedent that those who dare speak out against official religious discrimination in Egypt will endure great personal loss and suffering.
Counselor Heikal filed a complaint that there were administrative irregularities in the exclusion of Counselor Mahasin Luqa from the presidency of the Administrative Prosecution Authority for sectarian reasons and considerations, due to her being a Coptic Christian. He said that such discrimination harms Egypt’s reputation at the international level and is considered a violation of rights on the basis of religious discrimination.
The new president of the Administrative Prosecution Authority, Counselor Feryal Qutb, responded to the complaint as if it were a challenge to the validity of her choice for this position, and an infringement against the entire leadership of the authority. Mr. Heikal denied that, as evidenced by the fact that he did not submit his complaint to any other external bodies.
Yet, Counselor Heikal was dismissed from his position without having the opportunity to provide a defense of his actions during his April 21 hearing with the Administrative Prosecution Disciplinary Board, or even given the option to resign. President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi issued a presidential decree No. 228 of 2018, published in the Official Gazette on May 31, 2018, dismissing Counselor Heikal from his position as Deputy General Prosecutor of the Administrative Prosecution Authority, based on the board’s ruling.
His firing was clearly a punitive reprisal as he had an excellent work record, having been promoted to the rank of Deputy General Prosecutor based on his performance, honesty, and dedication to work. This promotion was part of the Presidential Decree No. 62 of 2017.
Mr. Heikal lodged a legal complaint requesting the annulation of his dismissal. His case is still ongoing and has been repeatedly referred elsewhere and delayed.
The Egyptian government’s retaliation against Counselor Heikal is particularly egregious because his dismissal was pursued by numerous other actions to destroy his life and prospects for a future, including:
- Mr. Heikal’s passport was withdrawn, so that he cannot travel abroad. He filed a complaint in June 2019, but the case has been postponed and the government has offered no explanation for its actions.
- Mr. Heikal applied for a renewal of his ID, which he should have received on December 21, 2020, but the authorities are still depriving him of this most basic necessity.
- His pension rights were frozen so that he is not receiving any of the money owed to him by the government’s social security authority.
- Mr. Heikal was prevented from securing any other employment or activity by pressuring the Egyptian Bar Association to not approve his registration for membership. His application is kept pending, despite the fact that approval of a qualified candidate like him would usually be a mere formality.
Mr. Heikal’s situation exemplifies the entrenched religious discrimination that Copts and other minorities experience on a daily basis, both from the government and society. While attacks on persons, churches, and individual properties receive the most media attention, it is this daily grind of discrimination and persecution against Copts that is driving so many thousands to flee their homeland.
Decent and conscientious people who dare confront the ugly system are oppressed by none other than the government itself. This, in and of itself, is enough to exposes the fallacious claims such as those circulated by the Egyptian Embassy in Washington, DC a document of January of 2021 (through their lobbying firm, Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck LLP), titled: Strengthening National Unity: Religious Freedom and Diversity in Egypt. In response, Coptic Solidarity published a point-by-point rebuttal titled FACTS vs. FICTION: Coptic Solidarity’s Fact-Checking of the ‘Religious Freedom and Diversity’ Document Issued by the Embassy of Egypt in the U.S.A.
If the Egyptian government truly wants to improve the situation of religious freedom and equality in Egypt, they had better make real changes, and immediately desist from punishing Egyptians like Mr. Heikal who advocate against this official discrimination. It would be a good first step to demonstrate a real commitment to improvement, rather than mere words circulated by their foreign lobbying firm.
I salute you Counselor Heikal. My comment, if read, would add to your woes at the hands of your persecutors. The Egyptian Constitution dictates that Egypt is an Islamic country. As such, it is understandable that no position of meaningful authority can be held by other than a Muslim. Marginalizing and persecuting the Copts is nothing new. Your brave action and ‘sacrifice’ are anathema to those in the government. The writing on the wall is quite clear and telling. Any deviation from the dictates of the dogmatic, discrimination government will hail brimstone and ashes on your head. Your punishment is important to the government to warn other peaceful Muslim moderates to cease and desist. I shall say a prayer for you. I can’t vouch the results. Saba E. Demian, M.D.