A survival instinct and backing from foreign governments are among the factors that can trump ideology in guiding Salafi parties' actions.
As Egyptian president Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's government engages with nearby threats from the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) -- first, from the group's Sinai Province and, later, from its Libyan satellite -- the country's Salafi political parties have diverged on whether or not to entrench more deeply with the secular military regime to ensure their survival, a move that could entail compromising on doctrines and allegiances with other domestic Islamic groups.
The failure of the Obama administration in dealing with ISIL stems from neglecting the direct reasons that brought it into existence, not from the fact that the US does not send “boots on the ground.”
I would like to suggest some thoughts on the notion of genocide, and to discuss the precise meaning of the word, by asking who is being killed and what is being killed in the event of genocide. One can indeed understand what is meant by regicide, homicide or parricide, but, in the case of genocide, a collective entity is at stake, an entity that is nearly abstract and one difficult to define. What does killing a collective entity mean? Is it the fact of killing a group of individuals, or are we speaking of a phenomenon of emergence in which eradication of the group would eliminate more than just the sum of the individuals within the group? The issue is nearly metaphysical, as it questions the reality of a collective phenomenon: if an assembly is but a sum of individualities, genocide is but the addition of individual murders. But if something exists within the group that is above the group, genocide then eliminates more than a mere sum of individuals.
Pope Francis recently released a new encyclical. Portions of it deal with environmentalism, global warming, and climate change. Naturally, this has prompted controversy.
“We (Egyptian- and Coptic-Americans) cannot be expected to be taken seriously if we are constantly brainwashing ourselves with lies so unrealistic they sound like they were pulled from the Red Scare.”
Coptic Solidarity 2015 Conference
The Annual Conference was held in Washington, D.C. on June 11-13, 2015.