Muslim Brotherhood was the mother movement for the use of jihadist violence. All militant jihadist organizations of all stripes trace their ideological, organizational and operational outlooks and practices to the Muslim Brotherhood experience.
For scholars and many journalists, most non-democratic regimes look the same: they are led and designed by autocratic dictators—or sometimes by small cliques—according to the leader’s whims and interests. “Pinochet’s Chile” was often portrayed as the projection of the will of a single general, and the Chinese political system is seen as the operation of a few leading Communist Party members and state officials. Political scientists have taken great strides in recent years to uncover how dictators design systems and even use outwardly democratic tools like elections to cement their rule.
Christianity, whose presence in the Middle East predates Islam’s by 600 years, is about to be cleansed from the Middle East. Egyptian Copts may have found some respite under President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, but after their persecution under the previous Muslim Brotherhood government, they know how precarious their existence in 90 percent Muslim Egypt remains.
Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) has established a clear presence in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said.
Does Egypt’s battle against terrorism require us to put the constitution on hold? Or is adhering to the constitution and the rights and guarantees enshrined in it necessary for the nation to overcome its current challenges?
Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission (TLHRC)
Under Threat: The Worsening Plight of Egypt’s Coptic Christians
Wednesday, December 7, 2011 10 a.m. – 12 p.m. 334 Cannon HOB
Please join the Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission for a hearing on threats to religious freedom in Egypt, including, the worsening plight of Egypt’s Coptic Christians. At a time when the world’s attention is on Egypt as it undergoes historic but tumultuous political change, it is important that the U.S. continue to shine the spotlight on the difficulties confronting religious minorities in the country. Egypt is on the cusp of a new era but the transition to a democratic society means more than just holding elections. It means that basic freedoms—such as the freedom of religion— are protected.
The Coptic Christian community, which traces its origins back 2,000 years and is the largest religious minority in Egypt today, is under assault. Churches have been bombed and citizens have been attacked while the Egyptian government seemingly encourages a culture of impunity for those responsible for these acts of violence. This hearing will address the continued discrimination and physical threats to the Coptic community and consider how the United States can better support religious freedom.
We will hear from the following witnesses: ***
Kathy Fitzpatrick, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State
Nina Shea – Director, Center for Religious Freedom, Hudson Institute
Dina Guirguis – Egyptian American democracy activist, attorney, and member, Egyptian American Rule of Law Association
Adel Guindy - President, Coptic Solidarity International
Cynthia Farahat – Egyptian political activist, writer and researcher
Raymond Ibrahim – Middle East specialist and Associate fellow, Middle East Forum
***Witness list subject to change.
Frank R. Wolf James P. McGovern Member of Congress Member of Congress
Co-Chair, TLHRC Co-Chair, TLHRC
Coptic Solidarity 2015 Conference
The Annual Conference was held in Washington, D.C. on June 11-13, 2015.